Ohio high school cross country state meet 2012 electoral votes

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ohio high school cross country state meet 2012 electoral votes

COLUMBUS, Ohio – Several changes to the high school cross country approved a list of proposals from the OHSAA Cross Country Subcommittee earlier this week. The proposal called for a school's girls and boys enrollment to be The maximum number of individual state tournament qualifiers. In 10 states, girls run shorter cross country races than boys do. May 14, the Wisconsin cross country state championships ahead of all other competitors. If our member schools wanted to change the distance, we'd get it approved." who is the president of the Nebraska Cross Country Coaches Association, it's a. The Ohio High School Athletic Association (OHSAA) is the governing body of athletic programs The main OHSAA board conducts Regional and State tournaments. to appoint a committee, headed by George R. Eastman, the first President of the Board of Control. **(Individual/Doubles only, no Team championships).

The electors certify the Certificates of Vote and copies of the Certificates are then sent in the following fashion: A staff member of the President of the Senate collects the Certificates of Vote as they arrive and prepares them for the joint session of the Congress. The Certificates are arranged — unopened — in alphabetical order and placed in two special mahogany boxes.

Alabama through Missouri including the District of Columbia are placed in one box and Montana through Wyoming are placed in the other box.

ohio high school cross country state meet 2012 electoral votes

Faithless elector An elector may vote for whomever he or she wishes for each office provided that at least one of their votes president or vice president is for a person who is not a resident of the same state as themselves. Twenty-nine states plus the District of Columbia have passed laws to punish faithless electors, although none have ever been enforced.

Many constitutional scholars claim that state restrictions would be struck down if challenged based on Article II and the Twelfth Amendment. BlairU. Some states, however, do have laws requiring that state's electors to vote for the candidate to whom they are pledged. Electors who break their pledge are called " faithless electors.

Over the course of 58 presidential elections sinceonly 0. As stated in the ruling, electors are acting as a functionary of the state, not the federal government. Therefore, states have the right to govern the process of choosing electors. The constitutionality of state laws punishing electors for actually casting a faithless vote, rather than refusing to pledge, has never been decided by the Supreme Court.

However, in his dissent in Ray v. Blair, Justice Robert Jackson wrote: Faithless electors have never changed the outcome of any presidential election. Contingent election The Twelfth Amendment mandates Congress assemble in joint session to count the electoral votes and declare the winners of the election.

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The vice president and the Speaker of the House sit at the podium, with the vice president in the seat of the Speaker of the House. Senate pages bring in the two mahogany boxes containing each state's certified vote and place them on tables in front of the senators and representatives.

Each house appoints two tellers to count the vote normally one member of each political party.

ohio high school cross country state meet 2012 electoral votes

Relevant portions of the Certificate of Vote are read for each state, in alphabetical order. Members of Congress can object to any state's vote count, provided objection is presented in writing and is signed by at least one member of each house of Congress.

An objection supported by at least one senator and one representative will be followed by the suspension of the joint session and by separate debates and votes in each House of Congress; after both Houses deliberate on the objection, the joint session is resumed.

A state's certificate of vote can be rejected only if both Houses of Congress vote to accept the objection.

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In that case, the votes from the State in question are simply ignored. The votes of Arkansas and Louisiana were rejected in the presidential election of Gore, who as vice president was required to preside over his own Electoral College defeat by five electoral votesdenied the objections, all of which were raised by only several representatives and would have favored his candidacy, after no senators would agree to jointly object.

Objections were again raised in the vote count of the elections, and on that occasion the document was presented by one representative and one senator.

Although the joint session was suspended, the objections were quickly disposed of and rejected by both Houses of Congress. If there are no objections or all objections are overruled, the presiding officer simply includes a state's votes, as declared in the certificate of vote, in the official tally. After the certificates from all states are read and the respective votes are counted, the presiding officer simply announces the final result of the vote and, provided the required absolute majority of votes was achieved, declares the names of the persons elected president and vice president.

This announcement concludes the joint session and formalizes the recognition of the president-elect and of the vice president-elect. The senators then depart from the House Chamber.

The final tally is printed in the Senate and House journals.

ohio high school cross country state meet 2012 electoral votes

Contingent presidential election by House[ edit ] The Twelfth Amendment requires the House of Representatives to go into session immediately to vote for a president if no candidate for president receives a majority of the electoral votes sinceof the electoral votes.

In this event, the House of Representatives is limited to choosing from among the three candidates who received the most electoral votes for president. Each state delegation votes en bloc—each delegation having a single vote; the District of Columbia does not receive a vote. A candidate must receive an absolute majority of state delegation votes i.

Additionally, delegations from at least two thirds of all the states must be present for voting to take place. The House continues balloting until it elects a president.

The House of Representatives has chosen the president only twice: Contingent vice presidential election by Senate[ edit ] In a contingent presidential election, the House of Representatives, voting by state, elects the president, choosing from among the three candidates who received the most electoral votes. In a contingent vice presidential election, the Senate elects the vice president, choosing between the two candidates who received the largest number of electoral votes.

In this election, each senator casts an individual vote. In both elections, an absolute majority is required to win: The District of Columbia would not participate in a contingent election for president or vice president as it is not a state.

ohio high school cross country state meet 2012 electoral votes

The Senate is limited to choosing from the two candidates who received the most electoral votes for vice president. Normally this would mean two candidates, one less than the number of candidates available in the House vote. All of these states race at 4 kilometers except for Oklahoma, which races at 3. Texas recently moved its two largest classifications to 5 kilometers while keeping its smaller classes at the 3.

That discrepancy doesn't sit well with Seidel. It seems like they were in the dark ages when they made that rule. Connecticut's girls ran the 4K distance untilwhen its coaches voted to move up to the 5K.

The advisory board votes on various rules and regulations every season, and any potential changes are brought directly to the athletic or activities department, where they are again reviewed and voted upon.

In some states, that process can take up to two years. I know [changing the girls' distances] was brought up seven or eight years ago. If our member schools wanted to change the distance, we'd get it approved.

ESPNHS reached out to the cross country representatives at each of the 10 state associations in which girls run shorter distances than the boys.

In 10 states, girls still run shorter cross-country races than boys. Why?

Representatives from Iowa did not respond to repeated inquiries. Every athletic association implied that the state would be open to increasing the distance, provided that the coaches' associations voted to do so. For coaches, the main deterrent is the perception that it will negatively affect participation numbers. Particularly in smaller classifications, coaches worry that increasing the distance from 4K to 5K will turn away girls who either aren't as serious about the sport, use cross country mostly to train for other sports, or both.

Friedman said some schools were having trouble getting girls to turn out for cross country at all, and schools with smaller numbers were afraid of forcing their girls to run an extra 1, meters every race.

Boys Div. I - 2015 OHSAA Cross Country State Championships

The longer distance means more time spent racing, more training and, simply, more work. But following the move to the longer distance, Friedman said the participation numbers barely wavered.

ohio high school cross country state meet 2012 electoral votes

Participation numbers aren't the only reason for skepticism. Coaches have also voiced concern over the amount of time it takes girls to finish a race.

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The average girls' runners complete a four-kilometer race in approximately the same amount of time the average boys finish a five-kilometer course. That thinking doesn't sit well with some of the nation's elite harriers.

The four-kilometer race changes the strategy for some top athletes. In states where the distance is shorter, the race is substantially different.