One to many relationship examples php tutorial

Laravel One To Many Relationship Tutorial Example

one to many relationship examples php tutorial

A one-to-many polymorphic relation is similar to a simple one-to-many For example, imagine users of your application can. laravel one to many relationship example, laravel one to many sync, one to many one to many relationship laravel model, hasmany laravel 5 tutorial, create By Hardik Savani | July 7, | | Viewer | Category: PHP Laravel. The use of a foreign key is limited to one-to-many relationship, and the only another example of the advancement from the Active Record pattern (which kinds of simplifications available to avoid creating an external table.

For example, a User model might be associated with one Phone. To define this relationship, we place a phone method on the User model.

  • How to handle a Many-to-Many relationship with PHP and MySQL
  • Practical PHP Patterns: Association Table

The phone method should call the hasOne method and return its result: Once the relationship is defined, we may retrieve the related record using Eloquent's dynamic properties. Dynamic properties allow you to access relationship methods as if they were properties defined on the model: If you wish to override this convention, you may pass a second argument to the hasOne method: If you would like the relationship to use a value other than id, you may pass a third argument to the hasOne method specifying your custom key: Now, let's define a relationship on the Phone model that will let us access the User that owns the phone.

How to handle a Many-to-Many relationship with PHP and MySQL

We can define the inverse of a hasOne relationship using the belongsTo method: For example, a blog post may have an infinite number of comments. Like all other Eloquent relationships, one-to-many relationships are defined by placing a function on your Eloquent model: Once the relationship has been defined, we can access the collection of comments by accessing the comments property.

Remember, since Eloquent provides "dynamic properties", we can access relationship methods as if they were defined as properties on the model: To define the inverse of a hasMany relationship, define a relationship function on the child model which calls the belongsTo method: An example of such a relationship is a user with many roles, where the roles are also shared by other users.

For example, many users may have the role of "Admin".

Eloquent: Relationships

To define this relationship, three database tables are needed: Many-to-many relationships are defined by writing a method that returns the result of the belongsToMany method.

For example, let's define the roles method on our User model: However, you are free to override this convention. You may do so by passing a second argument to the belongsToMany method: The third argument is the foreign key name of the model on which you are defining the relationship, while the fourth argument is the foreign key name of the model that you are joining to: To continue our user roles example, let's define the users method on the Role model: Since we're reusing the belongsToMany method, all of the usual table and key customization options are available when defining the inverse of many-to-many relationships.

Retrieving Intermediate Table Columns As you have already learned, working with many-to-many relations requires the presence of an intermediate table.

Eloquent provides some very helpful ways of interacting with this table. For example, let's assume our User object has many Role objects that it is related to.

After accessing this relationship, we may access the intermediate table using the pivot attribute on the models: This attribute contains a model representing the intermediate table, and may be used like any other Eloquent model. By default, only the model keys will be present on the pivot object. If your pivot table contains extra attributes, you must specify them when defining the relationship: However, you are free to customize the name of this attribute to better reflect its purpose within your application.

For example, if your application contains users that may subscribe to podcasts, you probably have a many-to-many relationship between users and podcasts. If this is the case, you may wish to rename your intermediate table accessor to subscription instead of pivot. This can be done using the as method when defining the relationship: For example, we may define a Role which uses a custom UserRole pivot model: For example, a Country model might have many Post models through an intermediate User model.

In this example, you could easily gather all blog posts for a given country. Let's look at the tables required to define this relationship: After finding the matching user IDs, they are used to query the posts table.

Now that we have examined the table structure for the relationship, let's define it on the Country model: Typical Eloquent foreign key conventions will be used when performing the relationship's queries.

one to many relationship examples php tutorial

If you would like to customize the keys of the relationship, you may pass them as the third and fourth arguments to the hasManyThrough method. The third argument is the name of the foreign key on the intermediate model. The fourth argument is the name of the foreign key on the final model.

The fifth argument is the local key, while the sixth argument is the local key of the intermediate model: One To One Polymorphic Table Structure A one-to-one polymorphic relation is similar to a simple one-to-one relation; however, the target model can belong to more than one type of model on a single association. For example, a blog Post and a User may share a polymorphic relation to an Image model.

Using a one-to-one polymorphic relation allows you to have a single list of unique images that are used for both blog posts and user accounts. First, let's examine the table structure: Model Structure Next, let's examine the model definitions needed to build this relationship: For example, to retrieve the image for a post, we can use the image dynamic property: In our case, that is the imageable method on the Image model.

So, we will access that method as a dynamic property: One To Many Polymorphic Table Structure A one-to-many polymorphic relation is similar to a simple one-to-many relation; however, the target model can belong to more than one type of model on a single association. For example, imagine users of your application can "comment" on both posts and videos. Using polymorphic relationships, you may use a single comments table for both of these scenarios.

First, let's examine the table structure required to build this relationship: For example, to access all of the comments for a post, we can use the comments dynamic property: In our case, that is the commentable method on the Comment model.

php - Many-to-many relationships examples - Stack Overflow

For example, a blog Post and Video model could share a polymorphic relation to a Tag model. Join For Free Deploy code to production now.

Release to users when ready. Learn how to separate code deployment from user-facing feature releases with LaunchDarkly. The Association Table pattern is a classical way to express an association between two entities in a relational model, and by extension a way to map the set of pointers handlers between two objects over an additional table. In this pattern's implementations, a single association between two objects is represented as a row of a relational table which imports keys from the original two tables.

one to many relationship examples php tutorial

This pattern is commonly used for many-to-many relationships, but it is not strictly limited to this kind of multiplicity, especially in the case of an ORM where simplifying the translation between the relational and object models is crucial.

The reason many-to-many relationships are prone to be mapped into an Association Table resides in the constraint of representing atomic values into fields in relatonal databases.

While an object can keep an arbitrary number of references to related collaborators because the occupied space is allocated dynamically, duplication of columns is strictly forbidden in a relational database.

one to many relationship examples php tutorial

The use of a foreign key is limited to one-to-many relationship, and the only way to represent a many-to-many one is to add an external table. Implementation An useful metaphor for this pattern is a data structure commonly used to represent a graph. In this case, the graph is a bipartitioned graph, because it is divided into two different classes of objects, and the data structure is an adjacency list, which contains every instance of the association. The underlying implementation of tables is however dbms-specific, and does not correspond to a simple adjacency list since this is only the logical model presented to clients and without a predefined ordering.

When implementing a Data Mapper, there is no domain object in the graph that stands for a row in the Association Table, so this is another example of the advancement from the Active Record pattern which would have a UserGroup or similar object to link between User and Group ones. Only in particular cases the intermediate row is promoted to a first-class domain object, such as a Subscription object with references to a User and Group ones.

Typically this occurs because the association has fields that are not mapped in the object graph but are present as columns in the relational table.